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Researchers have been excavating for several years in the area of the ancient propeller, in Greece, recovering artifacts and structures that had been forgotten after a fourth century earthquake, but have now confirmed the find, explaining that it really is the lost city of poseidon.
A group of academics and students will return to explore and investigate the site where they are believed to rest. the remains of the lost city of Helix, the legendary city that for centuries was a subject for ancient writers and a tantalizing mystery for explorers and scientists for nearly 2,000 years.
Directed by Dr. Dora Katsonopoulou, director of the Helix Society, investigations are recovering a large number of artifacts and structures dating from the Bronze Age to the Roman and Byzantine periods, at sites near the southwestern coast of the Gulf of Corinth in the north of the Peloponnesus.
In 2000 and 2001, the research team located in this area what is currently thought to be the ancient propeller, on the coastal plain that lies between the rivers Selinous and Kerynites. The excavation of the trenches has revealed the architectural remains of buildings from the Classic period, located 3 meters deep, probably destroyed by an earthquake and therefore buried under the deposits of a large interior lagoon.
“Thus, the city did not sink into the depths of the Gulf of Corinth as believed", The researchers say,"but it was submerged in an interior lagoon that later was filled with sediment”. Excavations also uncovered a rich number of objects from the time.
In addition, investigations have found evidence that an extensive and very well-preserved coastal area of Early Helladic (2,600-2,300 BC). This site is approximately one kilometer from the current coast and a depth of between 3 and 5 meters.
The foundations of a corridor house and other buildings have been found that were lined on streets paved with abundant porcelain. The luxury objects found at the site, which include small gold and silver ornaments, also show hints of an apparent wealth in the early days of the city.
Furthermore, the sediments belonging to the Bronze Age of the city, contain marine fauna from the lagoon, which indicates that this city was submerged under water for a good period of time.
The wall of a building is in such a state that it clearly shows seismic activity, indicating that the settlement may have been destroyed and submerged due to an earthquake, approximately 2,000 years before it the famous earthquake destroyed the classical Helix in 373-372 BC.
It was this great earthquake of the 4th century that struck the southwestern coast of the Gulf of Corinth and destroyed the classic city of Helix, later submerged under the waters of the sea. According to the literature, Propeller, which became the main city of Achaia, was founded in the Mycenaean period by Ion, the leader of the Ionian race. Because of this, Helix became the capital of the Twelve Cities of Ancient Achaia.
The area of the city was formerly considered the location of the sanctuary of poseidon, known as Heliconium, god of the sea and earthquakes. It was widely discussed in the literature of many Greek and Roman writers and visitors such as Strabo, Pausanias, Diodorus, Aelianus and Ovid, and it has been suggested by many scholars that it may be the inspiration for the story of Atlantis, but like the mythical Atlantean city, the current whereabouts and evidence of the Helix remains have been hidden from scholars and explorers for a few 2,000 years.
It was not until 1988 that the efforts began to bear fruit, when Greek archaeologist Dora Katsonopoulou launched the Helix Project to locate the situation of the lost city.
In 1994 a survey carried out with a magnetograph carried out with the collaboration of the University of Patras, in the delta region near the Gulf of Corinth coast where Helix was supposed to be located revealed the contours of a buried building. In later excavations, a large roman building With the walls still standing
But the classic remains of the Helix city They were rediscovered in 2001, buried under the remains of an ancient lagoon. Since then, excavations have been carried out in the delta area every summer and have brought to light important archaeological discoveries dating from the time the city was founded, to the time of its rebirth in Hellenistic and Roman times. .
People who are interested in participating in the excavation work can find more information on the website of the Helix Project.
Images: Helix Project
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